Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension is high pressure inside the eye. It's not a disease but rather the cause of other eye conditions, including glaucoma.

Ocular hypertension can't be cured, but some treatments can help manage it and reduce your risk of developing vision-threatening diseases such as glaucoma or retinal detachment.

Signs and Symptoms

There are no specific symptoms of ocular hypertension. In some people, it can lead to glaucoma, a condition that damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss.



To diagnose OHT, an optometrist will perform a dilated eye exam. This is different from the routine eye exam you get at your optometrist's office and involves medication that dilates the pupil of your eye so that it opens up wide. The optometrist will look for signs of glaucoma during this exam by checking for:


Eye drops or Medication

These are typically your first line of defense, but are limited to treating the symptoms and not the underlying cause.

Medications work by relaxing smooth muscles throughout your body so they don't contract as strongly when placed under stressors like coughing/sneezing/exercise

Laser Surgery

A surgeon can use a laser to reshape or remove part of the cornea (the clear covering at the front of your eye). This procedure can reduce pressure inside your eye by opening up newc hannels through which fluid drains from it. It may also help improve vision by removing tissue that has hardened over time due to excess pressure on your optic nerve.

Other Surgical Procedures

In some cases where other methods aren't effective enough, surgeons might need to perform more involved operations

Coping with Vision Loss