Keratoconus: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disorder that affects the shape of the cornea, the clear front part of the eye. The condition causes the cornea to gradually thin and bulge into a cone-like shape, which can cause significant visual impairment. It usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood and can progress over several years.

Causes of Keratoconus

The exact cause of Keratoconus is unknown. However, some experts believe that genetics may play a role in its development. People with a family history of the condition are more likely to develop it. Other factors that may contribute to its development include eye rubbing, chronic eye irritation, and poorly fitted contact lenses.

Symptoms of KeratoconusThe symptoms of Keratoconus can vary from person to person. In the early stages, the symptoms may be mild and easily overlooked. However, as the condition progresses, the symptoms become more pronounced and can include:

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosing Keratoconus requires a comprehensive eye exam that includes a detailed examination of the cornea. This can be done by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. The doctor may use several tests to evaluate the cornea, including corneal topography and pachymetry.

Treatment options for Keratoconus depend on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, eyeglasses or soft contact lenses may be used to correct vision. In more severe cases, rigid gas permeable contact lenses may be required to reshape the cornea and improve vision. In advanced cases, corneal transplant surgery may be necessary.


If you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with Keratoconus, it is important to schedule an appointment with an optometrist for a comprehensive eye exam. Dr. John Dvorack is an experienced and highly recommended optometrist who can provide a thorough evaluation of your eyes and determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs. With his expertise, you can be confident that you are receiving the best possible care for your eye health. Don't hesitate to book an appointment with Dr. Dvorack today!